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A3: Price et al

May 6, 2009
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Students were compared between online and F2F tutoring.

Do you agree with Price et al. that online tuition is a pastoral activity and not a purely academic activity?

Pastoral activity is I feel a poor description of tutoring i.e. idyllic and serene (at best) or acting like a shepherd! Being rural? Also  I’m not really concerned whether it is academic or not. For me this is not the purpose of the excercise. If Price feels that OE is sheep herding and not serious study then thats his/her opinion, not mine.

Do you agree that the absence of what the authors call ‘paralinguistic cues’ in an online environment can limit the effectiveness of online tuition?

Paralinguistic cues? Using gestures, speed of speech, intonation etc. Yes probably. What I have found is that I need to read the activity notes c-a-r-e-f-u-l-l-y in order to interperate the hidden intonation. However as I have shown in that example you could use simple textual represenation (bold, italics, underline, smilies etc) to capture 80% of the paralinguistic cues?

Both tutors and students need to be trained to compensate for the lack of paralinguistic
information through explicit verbal cues
.” (Price 2007, page 19)

I thinkl this may be more down to a cultural shift i.e. google generation and face book mode of communication…

In short, our results suggest that there is much work to be done in helping students and tutors to understand the nature of online communication and how to achieve effective online interaction before online tuition can be deemed to be as effective as face-to-face tuition.” (Price 2007, page 20)

Time will tell…

Increase in move from per-based to electronic as well as move from F2F to online-support.

Deep approach: seeking meaning, relating ideas, use of evidence, and interest in ideas

Strategic approach: organised studying, time management, alertness to assessment demands, achieving, and monitoring effectiveness

Surface approach: lack of purpose, unrelated memorising,syllabus-boundness, and fear of failure.

Quantative survey:

Qualative Survey:

Interesting that his is an undergraduate course where some students will be entering higher eductain for the first time. I wonder whether this had any bearing on the online results. PG students should by default be more self motivated when it comes to study and more likely to take on a deep approach to learning?

This paper wa spublished in February 2007 and was  based on survey results from 2002 & 2003, so the course will have been devised in 2000-2001. Thats about 9 years ago and a lot has changed since then.

This type of surveying should have been carried out on students doing consecutive courses over a period of 3 years. I know that my survey results would be different from my first year as the course I did last year was baffling to follow and get used to. I wouldn’t say I was 100% happier this year but I am beginning to see and experience the beneifts of purely online eduction.

“Staff in higher education need specific advice and training on how to use electronic facilities to provide tutorial support.” (Price 2007, page 8  )

That may be great in theory but in practice it would not help. By the time the learning materials have been written, agreed, distributed and support given the technology of the day will have moved on as will the students. I think personally its down to time and the next generation of tutors who will have grown up with the technology before a complete transition is felt.

…they include a fifth conception where students viewed tutoring as enabling them to become an expert in the relevant domain and thus to act as professionals.” (Price 2007, page 15)

My professional; experience with clients and team members has been almost purely online, via email, skype and phone as I work remotely. I get F2F once every 2 weeks but most of the time this is more about picking up gossip! Which is important for sense of place but not professional.

An interviewed student says :

The scale of course materials and the complexity of some issues may lead to a crisis in confidence, and tutors need not only to understand the course materials but also understand students.” (Price 2007, page 16)

I think the student has got it wrong here and the onis is actually on the student to understand their fellow students better. The tutor, I feel, should be ambilovent to student individuality as I think this could lead to preferential treatment?

“phenomenographic investigations” – Interesting topic

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